Wednesday, 18 March 2020 08:26

Understanding Skin Types: Oily, Dry, and Sensitive

Written by   Pamela Springer

To be a skin care expert in today’s changing landscape, the professional must understand various skin types. Not educating yourself on this growing, untapped market will be a missed opportunity to build your business and reputation.


Knowing the different types of skin and their specific characteristics will allow you to put together a plan that will improve and maintain the quality of the skin.




Oily skin is shiny, coarse, and earthy in color. Sebaceous glands produce sebum more than the necessary amount, making the skin greasy with enlarged pores. This skin type needs to be cleansed more often than other skin types to prevent clogged pores and acne formation.


Ingredients skin care professionals should seek out include the following.


Glycolic Acid

Glycolic acid is used for oily skin. According to several studies, this ingredient has a significant therapeutic value in treating acne that results as a complication of oily skin.


Lactic Acid    

Lactic acid is also used to control acne breakouts, oily skin, and blemishes. This ingredient can be used in peels, exfoliators, and cleansers and will show significant positive results.


Salicylic Acid

Salicylic acid’s keratolytic and comedolytic effect boasts its ability to control blemishes and sebum.


Vitamin A

Vitamin A helps to reduce skin’s sebum production. This benefits clients with oily skin as they are prone to acne.




Dry skin is flaky and flaccid, especially on the cheeks and other surfaces of the body. When the skin is dry, skin peeling, scaling, inflammation, and visible red lines appear. Dry skin needs good care. Since the oil glands do not produce enough oil, the skin becomes ashy and dehydrated.




Sensitive skin is a problematic skin, as it experiences different skin reactions related to immune skin response. The skin reactions in a sensitive skin type can mean different manifestations for different people. While skin sensitivity arises spontaneously, it can also be due to underlying skin conditions such as rosacea, eczema, or allergies.


The best ingredients to care for dry and sensitive skin


Wheat Germ Oil         

Wheat germ oil is used in many topical moisturizing skin care products. Wheat germ oil contains high amounts of vitamin E and essential fatty acids, lecithin, and protein.



Glycerine is one of the most commonly used natural moisturizers. It prevents the dryness of the stratum corneum and is attributed with humectants actions. Now it is commonly known that glycerin attracts moisture, osmoregulation of the cells, and the maintenance of fluidity in the cell membranes.


Hyaluronic Acid        

Hyaluronic acid is actively used to moisturize the inner layer of the skin. Due to its high moisturizing effect, it is used very often for antiaging purposes. Hyaluronic acid facilitates skin regeneration and collagen synthesis in the skin.


Vitamin A, C, and E  

These vitamins are the main vitamins for healthy skin. With their high antioxidant properties and nourishing value, they facilitate the skin regeneration, soothing, and moisturizing effects. Vitamin C and E are incorporated in many skin products and are essential for beautiful and healthy skin.


Evening Primrose Oil

The composition of the oil in sufficient quantities can reveal linoleic acid, which helps in maintaining the moisture of the skin. Primrose oil is characterized by its excellent emollient, nutritious, and moisturizing properties that eliminate peeling, irritation, and dryness.


Sweet Almond Oil     

Sweet almond oil has healing properties, controls the water-lipid balance of the skin, copes with irritation and reddening of sensitive skin, eliminates unpleasant burning and itching symptoms, and accelerates the regenerative functions of the skin while healing skin damage.


Understanding various skin types, like oily, dry, and sensitive, and the best ingredients for treating each, skin care professionals can best meet the needs of their clients.




Pamela Springer’s aesthetics knowledge has given her the recognition as a leader in the advanced aesthetics education. She is a highly sought-after professional speaker for TV, medical conferences, and aesthetic trade shows. She has appeared on Oprah, and as a skincare expert on stations, such as Fox, NBC and ABC stations, nationally. CEO of Global Skin Solutions, LLC launched in 2009, has become a national continuing education provider for the California Board of Registered Nursing. Recently, Pamela released her book, Don’t Be Left in the Dark! Learn How To Master Chemical Peels and More… for a world of diverse skin tones, on Amazon.

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