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As clients age, it is no secret that they become more susceptible to wrinkles. Some wrinkles become deep crevices that can be noticeable around the eyes, mouth, and neck. There are two main types of wrinkles: surface lines and deep furrows. Surface lines are fine lines on the surface of the skin while deep furrows are deep creases. While surface lines can be effectively treated…
Acne scarring is the result of inflamed lesions and blemishes. When body tissues get damaged, white blood cells and other infection-fighting molecules go to the site of injury and try to fight it. However, when they fight off the infection, the tissue does not always bounce back to normal. Instead, scars are most often left behind.
Problem: Stretch Marks Striae distensae, or stretch marks, are marks that appear as parallel lines on the skin. The color of these lines ranges from purple to light pink to light gray. They form due to over-stretching of the skin and mostly occur on the thighs, abdomen, groin, chest, and armpits. Stretch marks usually create a slight ridge or indention on the skin.
Problem: Dry Lips Dry lips, also known as chapped or cracked lips, are a very common disorder that occurs occasionally for most people. The skin on our lips is more vulnerable to the elements than the rest of the skin on our bodies. Indeed, our skin is made up of three layers: the epidermis, the dermis, and a subcutaneous fat layer with the stratum corneum…
Problem: Spider Veins Telangiectasias, or spider veins, are tiny, web-like veins that form typically on areas of the body, such as the legs or face. Similar to varicose veins, spider veins appear as red, blue or purple branches that form close to the surface of the skin. They form due to a lack of blood circulation in addition to a variety of reasons that include…
Problem: Hirsutism Hirsutism is a condition in which women have excessive and unwanted male-pattern hair growth. It is a common disorder that affects approximately eight percent of women.1 Women who suffer from hirsutism may experience extreme hair growth on various areas of the body including the face, neck, chest and abdominal region. Studies have shown that of women with apparent hirsutism typically 10 percent present hair…
Problem: Rosacea Rosacea is a chronic skin disorder that primarily effects facial skin. Those afflicted with rosacea are often plagued by persistent symmetrical flushing and redness on their cheeks, forehead, chin, and nose. The redness may be accompanied by small, red, solid bumps or pimples and visible blood vessels at the surface of the skin called telangiectasias or spider veins. Other symptoms may include eye…
Problem: Age Spots Age spots, also known as liver spots, senile lentigines, solar lentigines, or sun spots, are flat gray, brown or black spots on the skin. Despite their name, these spots do not come from age. This common condition is caused by overproduction of melanin in the skin. As the result of skin aging, sun exposure, or the use of tanning beds, the melanin becomes…
Problem: Chronic Dry Hands There are many factors that contribute to chronic dry hands. Dryness can occur due to environmental climates such as location, seasonality, humidity levels, and so on. For example, during the winter season, the hands may begin to experience dryness, peeling or even bleeding as a result of freezing temperatures and/or cold, rapid winds. In warmer weather, sun exposure, due to ultraviolet…
Problem: Elastosis Skin elasticity is what determines the skin’s ability to stretch and then return to its normal state. A loss of elasticity (tone and firmness) in the skin, known as elastosis, is a natural part of the aging process for most people. This sagging skin is defined significantly by the condition of the underlying muscles. The connective tissues in the skin that provide flexibility…
Problem: Men with Melasma Melasma is a skin condition where patches of the skin darken and appear brown. The condition is not an infection of any kind and is not cancerous. Melasma is not considered transmissible or contagious and it does not appear due to any certain allergy. It is a form of hyperpigmentation and most frequently shows on the face, specifically the forehead, bridge…
Problem: Dark Under-Eye Circles Idiopathic cutaneous hyperchromia of the orbital region (ICHOR), periorbital hyperpigmentation (POH), periorbital melanosis, orbital hyperchromia and infraorbital pigmentation are all terms used in the medical field to describe the darkening of the skin beneath the eyes. More frequently, however, this condition is referred to informally as dark circles, but also by more descriptive idioms such as raccoon and/or panda eyes. Preceded…
Problem: Cellulite Adiposis edematosa, dermopanniculosis deformans, gynoid lipodystrophy, and status protrusus cutis are all terms used in the medical field to describe the breach of subcutaneous fat within fibrous connective tissue that appears on the surface of the skin as dimpling and knot-like swelling. In informal, everyday terms, this skin condition is referred to as cellulite or by other more colorful colloquialisms such as hail damage,…
Problem: Acne According to Stedman’s® Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing, acne is an inflammatory disease of sebaceous follicles marked by papules and pustules. Acne typically begins during puberty; it can affect the chest, back and face, but sometimes other areas. Cause remains unknown. Predisposing factors include heredity and androgen-estrogen imbalance.
Problem: Keratosis Pilaris Keratosis pilaris, also known as follicular keratosis, lichen pilaris or chicken skin, is a common skin condition that causes rough patches and small, acne-like bumps on the arms, thighs, cheeks and/or buttocks. Keratosis pilaris bumps are usually white or red and generally do not hurt or itch.1 Although no clear study of what causes this skin condition has been defined, keratosis pilaris…
Problem: Hyperpigmentation A person’s natural complexion is determined by the melanin present in their body and is referred to as pigmentation. When there is a change in the appearance of the skin, whether from an increase or a decrease in the amount of pigmentation present, it is apparent that something is causing the body distress. Hyperpigmentation is the overproduction of melanin which results in the appearance…
Problem: Oily skin Genetics, hormones, stress, environmental factors, overuse or incorrect use of skin care products, medications, and skin irritation can all cause the overproduction of sebum resulting in oily skin. Characterized by an overabundance of sebum production, pores tend to contain more oil and are larger in size. An oily skin type can be present if an individual displays large, visible pores over a…
Problem: Lackluster skin Many diverse factors experienced throughout a client’s life can result in lackluster, dull skin. The word lackluster can be defined as lacking in brilliance, radiance, sheen, or vitality: mediocre... dull. When applying this term to skin it refers to the actual texture of the skin. As skin cells flatten, they lose hydration resulting in the surface’s inability to reflect light which causes…
Problem: Eczema Eczema is a group of chronic skin conditions caused by the inflammation of the skin. In eczema cases, the skin is inflamed and experiences painful itching, in addition to dry or moist lesions being present. Skin affected by eczema generally manifests itself as rough, inflamed patches; blisters that itch and sometimes bleed are also present. Eczema can appear on any part of the…
Problem: Dehydration Dehydration is a very common skin condition characterized by the lack of moisture in the stratum corneum. The quantity of water transmitted from the inside (dermal reserve) to the outside layers (epidermal) of the skin, is dependent on the level of internal hydration. Dehydration is a lack of water, not oil, meaning that sebaceous oil activity can still be normal or even overactive…
Problem: Sunburn Sunburn is caused by UV radiation, either from the sun or from artificial sources. Minor sunburns typically cause nothing more than slight redness and tenderness to the affected areas. In more serious cases, blistering can occur. Extreme sunburns can be painful to the point of debilitation and may require hospital care. Case Study: Monday morning, a college student walks in your spa asking…
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