Problem and Solution
Adiposis edematosa, dermopanniculosis deformans, gynoid lipodystrophy, and status protrusus cutis are all terms used in the medical field to describe the breach of subcutaneous fat within fibrous connective tissue that appears on the surface of the skin as dimpling and knot-like swelling. In informal, everyday terms, this skin condition is referred to as cellulite or by other more colorful colloquialisms such as hail damage, orange peel syndrome, mattress phenomenon, and cottage cheese skin.
According to Stedman’s® Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing, acne is an inflammatory disease of sebaceousfollicles marked by papules and pustules. Acne typically begins during puberty; it can affect the chest, back and face, but sometimes other areas. Cause remains unknown. Predisposing factors include heredity and androgen-estrogen imbalance.
Problem: Keratosis pilaris
Keratosis pilaris, also known as follicular keratosis, lichen pilaris or chicken skin, is a common skin condition that causes rough patches and small, acne-like bumps on the arms, thighs, cheeks and/or buttocks. Keratosis pilaris bumps are usually white or red and generally do not hurt or itch.1 Although no clear study of what causes this skin condition has been defined, keratosis pilaris is often associated with dry skin conditions such as ichthyosis vulgaris, xerosis and atopic dermatitis.2 As an autosomal dominant gene, keratosis pilaris is hereditary, taking a single gene from either parent to inherit less than smooth skin. However, it is difficult to pinpoint which parent is responsible due to only 30 to 50 percent of keratosis pilaris patients having a positive family history. Moreover, 50 percent of the entire population is affected by keratosis pilaris, affecting 50 to 80 percent of children and four out of every 10 adults.
A person’s natural complexion is determined by the melanin present in their body and is referred to as pigmentation. When there is a change in the appearance of the skin, whether from an increase or a decrease in the amount of pigmentation present, it is apparent that something is causing the body distress.
Hyperpigmentation is the overproduction of melanin which results in the appearance of dark colored patches on the skin. Certain health issues, and even outside stimuli, can exacerbate this skin condition, such as pregnancy, adrenal gland dysfunction, and adverse reactions to over-thecounter and prescription drugs. However, the most prevalent cause is the reaction to sunlight which not only brings on hyperpigmentation but can also result in the darkening of already affected areas of the skin.
Problem: Oily skin
Genetics, hormones, stress, environmental factors, overuse or incorrect use of skin care products, medications, and skin irritation can all cause the overproduction of sebum resulting in oily skin. Characterized by an overabundance of sebum production, pores tend to contain more oil and are larger in size. An oily skin type can be present if an individual displays large, visible pores over a majority of their face. This skin type is prone to blemishes due to the larger pores becoming clogged with oil and a buildup of dead skin cells – making exfoliation and cleansing an imperative part of their skin care routine. Whiteheads, blemishes, pustules and comedones are common for individuals with oily skin.
Problem: Lackluster skin
Many diverse factors experienced throughout a client’s life can result in lackluster, dull skin. The word lackluster can be defined as lacking in brilliance, radiance, sheen, or vitality: mediocre... dull. When applying this term to skin it refers to the actual texture of the skin. As skin cells flatten, they lose hydration resulting in the surface’s inability to reflect light which causes the surface to give off a lackluster, dull appearance. This condition can be caused by internal and external causes. Smoking, not exercising regularly, being subjected to excess pollutants, aging, or even genetics can all play a part in a person having dull skin.
Eczema is a group of chronic skin conditions caused by the inflammation of the skin. In eczema cases, the skin is inflamed and experiences painful itching, in addition to dry or moist lesions being present. Skin affected by eczema generally manifests itself as rough, inflamed patches; blisters that itch and sometimes bleed are also present. Eczema can appear on any part of the body and it affects both males and females equally, as well as individuals from different ethnic backgrounds. This skin condition may present itself due to a reaction or irritation from an external force. However, it is important to note, that it does not typically have an obvious external cause. This condition should be referred to a physician.