Skin Care on Ice: A Quick Look at Cryotherapy

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Ironically, one of the hottest trends right now is cryotherapy – the use of sub-zero temperatures to provide both physical and mental benefits to the body. The concept is quite simple. Whole body cryotherapy (WBC) begins with the instantaneous response of the skin to subzero temperatures, -160 F to -220 F. Immediate vasoconstriction redirects blood flow from the extremities to the core. In an effort to protect the inner organs, this rush of blood is purged of toxins and waste, while, at the exact same time, relieving the body of every ounce of inflammation and pain. It is a similar concept to an ice bath, with an amplified temperature and considerably less time (up to three minutes). The end result is nutrient-, oxygen-, and enzyme- high blood flowing back to every cell in the body, simultaneously void of any inflammation – full-body recovery, in every sense of the meaning.

 

The temporary shock to the body triggers norepinephrine, the body’s natural fight-or-flight neurotransmitter that pumps the system with a powerful boost of energy, along with triggering shots of serotonin and endorphins.

 

Local cryotherapy (LC) works by utilizing the same concept as WBC, simply in a smaller, targeted area, such as the face. Subzero temperatures automate the exact same skin reaction, triggering vasoconstriction and minimizing inflammation. In addition, this rapid vasoconstriction in the skin activates the skins repair mechanisms, stimulating collagen production, without inducing damage to the skin.

 

Localized cryotherapy machines use a nitrogen vapor to super cool the skin. Due to the instantaneous reduction in inflammation, it makes cryotherapy the ideal add-on to any facial treatment or post chemical peels, microdermabrasion, dermaplaning, microneedling, and even LED. Twelve minutes of cryotherapy boosts recovery and total skin rejuvenation.

 

As a standalone treatment, it does the same. A 12-minute facial freeze reduces inflammation, increases cell metabolism, and triggers collagen formation. For both acne and rosacea clients, cryotherapy is a godsend. The rapid vasoconstriction and decrease in inflammation instantly minimizes redness and repositions the skin to a sedentary state in which it can aid in self recovery.

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