×

Warning

JUser: :_load: Unable to load user with ID: 31566

Common Botanicals and Herbs

Every month trade and consumer magazines are full of glossy covers boldly announcing that they have discovered the newest, most effective anti-aging ingredients. We have all been seduced by the impressive articles and carefully-placed advertising that promise beauty and results. We have seen the claims for magical anti-aging serums that cost outrageous amounts of money for an ounce or less of product. We have seen the words, “X percent more youthful.” “X percent more hydrated.” “X percent texture improvement.”
Looking at these ads and articles from a non-scientific perspective, it is easy to be impressed with colorful words and dramatic claims promised by new ingredients. Often the claims accompanying these new products are backed by “clinical evidence.”

With these messages clamoring for the attention of your client, as well as your attention as a skin care professional, it is important that you have a deeper scientific understanding than just advertising spin.
Many products and ingredients claim to be “clinically tested.” When a cosmeceutical rep enters your office with the latest and greatest in skin care innovation, one of the easiest ways to understand the real technology of the skin care formulation is to ask for the actual clinical study information. Once you obtain this information, what do you look for?
Cosmetic or cosmeceutical products do not fall under FDA approval like pharmaceuticals do. This means that there is not one standard to which all cosmetic or cosmeceutical claims must adhere, therefore clinical study testing for safety and efficacy is not a requirement for cosmetics. However, for cosmetic products or ingredients to hold scientific validity, there is a recognized “gold standard,” which is based upon the first phase of testing necessary for pharmaceuticals. Phase I testing for a pharmaceutical determines an unbiased proof of safety and effectiveness in humans. This is done to understand the drug metabolism, the relationship between structure and activity, mechanism of action, side effects associated with increasing doses, early evidence of effectiveness, and safety all during Phase I testing. To meet this strict standard, the clinical study should be a double-blinded, prospective, randomized, controlled, human clinical trial conducted by a third party research group with the finished formula. This all may sound overwhelming, so here are a few important terms to remember.
“Double-blind” means that neither the researcher nor the patient knows what products are being used during the study. This is important because then any bias toward or against a product by either the researcher or the patient is removed. Most cosmeceutical studies are “open label” studies, meaning both the researchers and the patient know what the product is, and these are usually conducted in-house. Open label studies allow for the results to be very biased and skewed.
“Prospective” is a term which means that the data is gathered by the researcher at specific points during the course of the study. A “randomized” trial is one where a computer randomly assigns which patients will receive the product to be tested or the control product.
“Controlled” trials are when the product is tested against another product – whether it is a placebo, a pharmaceutical, or another product. This is important for two reasons. The first is because there is something other than the baseline (starting point) to compare to. Second, you may have heard of the “placebo effect.” This is when patients feel better using something simply because they believe the product is having an effect. Using a placebo in a study takes out this element. However, testing against a pharmaceutical product that has already received FDA approval shows a higher level of efficacy than a product simply tested against baseline or a placebo.
Finally, the test should be with the actual product that will be sold on the store shelves, on human skin (known as in-vivo). Many companies do not make this step a priority. It is a priority though, because active ingredients tested in a laboratory (in-vitro) can often have very different results than the same active ingredient in a complete formulation on living, human skin.
All of these steps should then be done by an independent research facility. This again helps take out any bias that can occur during open label studies. It also ensures that the data is completely honest and hasn’t been modified to fit the desires of the marketing department.
The next thing to look for in clinical data is the statistics. For data on any product to be considered scientifically valid, it must show statistical significance which shows that there is enough difference between two things to produce a predictable result. This statistical significance result is measured with a “p-value.” For something to be statistically significant, the p-value must be p<0.05. At its most basic level, this means that if the exact same study is done over and over and over it will produce the same results 95 percent of the time. Statistical significance is different than numerical significance. Often companies will show results of a study, but no provide a p-value. If not p-value is provided, that may mean that there wasn’t an actual clinical difference.
As a skin care professional, you have the right to ask for this type of information from any company trying to sell you products. If the company cannot provide this type of clinical data, you might want to be careful about the promises being made about those products. Here is a brief listing of some of the ingredients with the highest quality of scientific data.

Retinoids
Darlings of the media, vitamin A derived retinoids are the most commonly recognized ingredients on the market today. There is also much scientific supporting evidence that retinoids are very effective at treating the visible signs of skin aging. The vast range of vitamin A derivatives include, but are not limited to, retinoic acid (Retin-A, Renova), retinol, isotretinoin (Accutane), tazarotene, and adapaline.
Generally contact irritation reactions will occur when first using products formulated with retinoids; however, these reactions may resolve in a matter of weeks with regular usage. Photosensitivity can also be an issue, so it is recommended that sunscreen is worn daily.
Products formulated with vitamin A and retinoids must also adhere to strict manufacturing and packaging guidelines. During manufacturing, UV and oxygen exposure must be avoided, and packaging should be opaque and air-tight in order to maintain ingredient integrity.

Exfoliating Acids
Hydroxy acids offer an alternative to retinoids to help treat visible signs of extrinsic aging via chemical exfoliation. If formulated properly, they can be very effective in a formula, for both home care and professional treatments.
There are three types of hydroxy acids, including alpha hydroxy acids (AHA), beta hydroxy acids (BHA), and poly hydroxy acids (PHA). AHAs are generally food or fruit-based, such as glycolic (from sugar cane), lactic (from milk products), mandelic (from almonds), malic (from apples), tartaric (from grapes), and citric (from citrus fruits). PHAs are gluconolactone (found in honey, fruit juices, and wine) and lacto-bionic (formed from gluconic acid and galactose). The most common BHA is salicylic acid (derived from willow bark).
In concentrations of less than three percent, AHA works as water-binding agents in the skin. If over four percent with a pH of 3 to 4, AHA will exfoliate the skin by breaking down the lipids that hold together the outer layers of corneocytes. It is used to treat photo-damaged skin, to normalize cell regeneration, and to increase epidermal thickness and dermal GAGs. In concentrations of 10 percent glycolic may increase photosensitivity, but it does have a mild antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effect. Lactic and citric acids activate tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFa) and histamine inflammatory cascades. PHAs have strong humectant activity, and can be safely used on very sensitive skin.
Not to be overlooked in the cosmeceutical ingredient arena are dicarboxylic acids such as azelaic acid, derived from castor bean. Azelaic acid is keratolytic and comedolytic, and is an excellent option for treating acne, rosacea, and hyperpigmentation. Azelaic acid also helps deliver ingredients such as ursolic acid and peptides to targeted cell receptors in the skin.
Unless properly manufactured and packaged for stability, these types of ingredients will break down in strength. Preservative agents and pH adjusters must also be added to these formulas, which could create irritation and allergic responses in some individuals. To prevent oxidation which reduces effectiveness, it is best if the product comes in a securely packaged air-tight tube, with a one-way valve for product distribution.

Antioxidants
There are over 8,000 known antioxidants. Of these only 28 have ever undergone double-blind, controlled clinical studies, whereas only 14 showed any efficacy in skin care formulations.1,2
Vitamins that have clinical study information that verifies the activity in skin care product formulations are vitamin B3 (including niacinamide and nicotinic acid), vitamin B5 (panthenol), vitamin E (tocopherol), and vitamin C (ascorbic acid).
Vitamin B3 has been shown to improve visible aging in clinical trials. It is tricky to formulate with other anti-aging ingredients such as retinoids or hydroxy acids, as the pH level must be 5 to 7 to inhibit release of erythema-inducing nicotinic acid from niacinamide.
Panthenol, or vitamin B5, is a component of coenzyme Q10 (ubiquinone), a very well-known antioxidant. Panthotenic acid increases barrier function and hydration by increasing lipid synthesis. Vitamin B5 also protects against UV exposure and is anti-inflammatory.
Especially abundant in the stratum corneum, vitamin E has been shown in studies to provide skin protection and improve the symptoms of atopic dermatitis.3 Vitamin E works with vitamin C and ubiquinone to suppress destructive oxidation reactions. Alpha-tocopherol is difficult to deliver across the stratum corneum, and must be combined with at least two other active ingredients for efficacy.
L-ascorbic acid, or vitamin C, is an essential nutrient metabolized in the human body. However, the body needs a balance of antioxidants including vitamin A, ubiquinone, vitamin E, glutathione, ergotheionein, HAOH, and alpha lipoic acid in order to function at its best. High doses of a single antioxidant could actually become pro-oxidant and increase the incidence of disease. Vitamin C products are notoriously unstable, so it is very important to ask for stability data and clinical trial information on the final marketed product (not on a single ingredient). When exposed to light or air, vitamin C oxidizes quickly, losing efficacy.
Date palm extract is one of the highest food sources of antioxidant activity, and is clinically proven to reduce the signs of visible aging.4 In addition to providing anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and depigmentation properties, date palm is estrogenic to help reduce acne, sebaceous hyperplasia, atrophy, and abnormal facial hair growth.
It does not matter if there are antioxidants in a product if they are not at therapeutic concentrations. Also, if an antioxidant is not delivered to the proper cell receptor sites at the right concentration and right ratio, it will have minimal to no effect on the health of the skin. This is why it is vital to check for clinical studies on the marketed formula before making a commitment to a product simply because there are antioxidants in it.

Peptides
Much has been written recently about peptide technology becoming staple ingredients in the anti-aging and skin care industry. Peptides have the ability to synthesize fragments that mimic peptide sequences in collagen and elastin. Other skin component proteins have also been determined.
Cosmeceutical peptides include three types: signaling, carrier, and neurotransmitter modulating. Signaling peptides are helpful in stimulating collagen synthesis, GAG synthesis, keratinocyte and fibroblast proliferation, cell migration, re-epithelialization, and angiogenesis. For example, a potato tripeptide increases ceramide synthesis and a yeast tetrapeptide increases cholesterol synthesis, both factors that fortify and strengthen the skin barrier. Carrier peptides stabilize and deliver micro-nutrients. Neurotransmitter peptides are cell-communicating entities that allegedly produce a reaction similar to botulinum toxin (Botox).
Protein, peptide, and amino acid compounds have an incidence of triggering allergic contact dermatitis and contact urticaria (hives). Although the problem with most peptide products is delivery of the peptides through the stratum corneum, peptide sequences (receptor sites) can be modulated in order to provide potent drug delivery effect.

Growth Factors
Growth factors mediate cell-signaling pathways between and within cells. After any injury to the skin, there are 14 growth factors that function in skin diseases and maintain skin health. Due to the number of growth factors that play a role in the inflammation cascade, single growth factors such as transforming growth factor alpha or beta (TGFa or TGFb), or epidermal growth factor (EGF) produce very little effect. Due to their hydrophilic nature, growth factors have a hard time penetrating through the skin, but a small amount of penetration does create an amplification process. If that small amount could make its way through a hair follicle or eccrine sweat gland, more growth factors are synthesized, activating keratinocyte proliferation to stimulate more growth factors. However, this initial delivery is difficult. The potential safety problems with growth factors include allergic contact dermatitis and carcinogenesis.

Other Noteworthy Ingredients
Botanical ingredients are very popular right now, with product lines focusing on one particular key botanical ingredient. Since most of these botanicals have very little data showing efficacy in a formula, the important thing is to look for clinical studies with the botanical in the final marketed formulation, tested on living human skin. Only then will you know how effective the product is.
Genistein comes from soy, and provides antioxidant, along with anticarcinogenic benefits against several types of cancers. It also helps reduce UVA, UVB, and DNA damage, and provides weak phyto-estrogenic effects, stimulates collagen regeneration, and inhibits destructive MMPs.
Ursolic acid is present in many botanicals including apples, cranberries, rosemary, thyme, and lavender. It aligns collagen and elastin fibers into proper orientation to maximize tensile strength and prevent dermal atrophy. Ursolic acid also upregulates ceramides, one of the three key lipids contained in the skin barrier.
Other key botanical ingredients include feverfew (parthenolide-free), licorice, tea (green, black, white, oolong), coffeeberry, golden fern (polypodium leukotomos), curcumin (tumeric), aloe, arbutin, pycnogenol, chamomile, paper mulberry, lavender, and grape. Many of these have some clinical data to support initial theories of effectiveness.
What we are seeing is that formulations which have a mix of botanical ingredients are trending toward better results. Considering the skin is such a complex organ, a mix of ingredients that work in a number of different ways would seem to make the most sense.
The world of cosmeceutical ingredient formulations is an incredibly complex field. When researching skin care lines to carry in your practice, newly licensed as well as seasoned professionals can easily be overwhelmed by all the claims and information out there. It is an important part of client care that you thoroughly understand the technology behind the products that you recommend. Again, true clinical testing of cosmeceutical ingredient formulas is not a requirement for cosmetic companies – but those companies that do test according to the “gold standard” have gone the extra step to validate their marketing claims and provide a safe and effective product for your clients.

References

  1. Pinnell SR. Cutaneous photodamage, oxidative stress and topical antioxidant protection. JAmAcadDermatol. 2003; 48: 1-19.
  2. Thornfeldt CR. Review of effective cosmeceuticals. Pending Publication.
  3. Burgess C. Topical vitamins in: skin care update: the role of natural products in clinical practice. J Drug Dermatol 2008; 7 (Suppl 7):52-56.
  4. Bauza E, Dal Farra C, Berghi A, et al. Date palm kernel extract exhibits anti-aging properties and significantly reduces skin wrinkles. Int J Tissue React 2002; 24:131-136.

Krista Bourne, LE is an Esthetics Education Director at Episciences, Inc. A licensed aesthetician since 2003, Bourne has worked in plastic surgery and medical spas, performing clinical aesthetic and laser enhancement procedures. She has worked closely with Dr. Carl Thornfeldt at Episciences since 2006, and has helped develop procedure, skin care, and training protocols for Epionce skin care.

Related items

  • Dallas Based Entrepreneurs Launch Medical Hologram B+A and Marketing Assistant Serving the Aesthetic Community Dallas Based Entrepreneurs Launch Medical Hologram B+A and Marketing Assistant Serving the Aesthetic Community

    Aestheia Imaging, a hologram content management, and advertising subscription company introduced its disruptive technology at the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery last week at The Aesthetic Meeting in New Orleans. The company breaks the mold of in-practice marketing with the unveiling of XTHEIA; an interactive hologram display toting a Virtual Consult Assistant for medical office waiting rooms. Aestheia's launch poses a resolution to poor patient awareness; an underserved focal point of product education in the aesthetics industry.
    The company is led by Austin JM Podowski, CEO and accomplished Dallas Healthcare Business Tech executives Mike McDonald, President and Paul Herchman, Advisory Board Member. Well known Plastic Surgeon and photographer Dr. Barry DiBernardo of New Jersey Plastic Surgery leads the companies Medical Advisory Board and will continue to work to enhance upon the application. The company offers a connected holographic media platform to story map the patient journey to brand and product education. Through the research and development of Aestheia's Medical Advisory Group, the company will offer holographic before and afters to patients so they can see pre-operative and post-operative procedure outcomes in true 3D, not previously available in the space.


    "We are dedicated to providing novel and ground breaking product innovation for the entire Aesthetic Community," comments McDonald. The company today offers a fully-automated and comprehensive holographic playlist for physician waiting rooms tethered to a cloud-based solution developed by the management team.
    "We are changing the way medical companies and physicians communicate with their customers and patients. The ALEXA of Aesthetics is now in the room," states Podowski. The team has also designed a customer facing iPad Pro application that allows a physician to remote control the device offering an in-app camera for patient photos. Mr. Podowski later comments, "The response received at ASAPS The Aesthetic Meeting affirms that our vision and product meet a need and resuscitate a lost connection with the consumer."
    The management team is dedicated to further pioneering advancements in hologram, AI, and AR in the evolving medical practice of the 21st century. The company is finalizing a third-round capital raise and will begin placement of their technology throughout Plastic Surgery Offices in North America in July 2019. The technology will also be on display in direct to consumer retail kiosks throughout the United States later this year. To get a sneak peak of Aestheia, follow the team's development, or learn more about the technology, follow @aestheiaimaging or visit www.aestheiaimaging.com.
      www.aestheiaimaging.com

  • Micropigmentation Procedure October 2010
    By
    Micropigmentation Procedure October 2010

    Micropigmentation Procedure Helps Breast Cancer Survivors Regain Self-Esteem & Confidence!

    Cranberr facial mask

    Cranberr facial mask
    According to the American Cancer Society (ACS), it is estimated that in 2009 there were 192,370 new cases of invasive breast cancer diagnosed among women, and approximately 1,910 new cases in men. For the many men and women who have been, and will be diagnosed this year, the battle to get through treatment and surgery is only the beginning of the journey to survive. Although the feeling of survival is unsurpassed, the physical scars at times may leave some survivors anxious with their new appearance. Ruth Swissa has taken her passion and artistic expertise in the permanent makeup industry to provide areola pigmentation for breast cancer patients post reconstruction to help renew self-confidence and boost self-esteem.

    "Many of my patients have said that waking up every morning, and looking in the mirror is a constant reminder of their battle, which although comes with a sense of pride, it also at times causes insecurities because they don't feel like themselves," says Swissa.

    Micropigmentation is an alternative method of creating a realistic nipple and areola after a mastectomy, to achieve a more symmetrical shape and even coloring using artistic light and shade effects. Swissa works closely with her patients in order to achieve the desired coloring and size to create a natural looking effect. This procedure takes less than an hour and is usually painless.

    Ruth uses a customized medical tattooing technique for applying permanent makeup for areola pigmentation. This unique method proves to be more exact, very gentle, and less invasive than traditional cosmetic tattooing. The results look more natural and subtle in appearance.

  • Five Ways to Find Safe and Natural Relief from Osteoarthritis October 2010
    By
    Five Ways to Find Safe and Natural Relief from Osteoarthritis October 2010


    Five Ways to Find Safe and Natural Relief from Osteoarthritis

    by Deirdre Shevlin Bell

    Cranberr facial mask


    The search for safe and effective relief from osteoarthritis (OA), a condition that occurs when joint cartilage wears down over time, can feel like an uphill battle. Certain natural remedies can bring lasting relief from OA according to the Arthritis Research Council (ARC) study and other experts. That is good news, since the pain, stiffness, and loss of flexibility from arthritis makes it the nation's most common cause of disability.

    One massage, and call me in the morning
    Spa-lovers with osteoarthritis will be pleased to learn that all those massages that leave you feeling loose and limber are doing more than just helping you relax. According to a 2006 study published in the Archives of Internal Medicine, Swedish massage improves flexibility, decreases pain, and increases range of motion in individuals with osteoarthritis of the knee.

    Low-impact exercise
    "When people start to hurt, they tend to cut back on exercise," notes Michele Olson, Ph.D., professor of exercise physiology at Auburn University Montgomery and Fellow of the American College of Sports Medicine. But that is a mistake, as inactivity can make pain and stiffness even worse. Olson recommends Pilates and swimming or doing aqua-aerobics, but she emphasizes the importance of choosing gentle, weight-bearing exercise. Michael Murray, N.D. suggests that a person should find something they love, and find a way to continue doing it: If walking on concrete sidewalks is too hard on the joints, walk on the golf course.

    Spice rub
    Using a gel containing capsaicin, the active ingredient in chili, is very effective at providing temporary relief from osteoarthritis pain. Studies have found that capsaicin can deplete the substance that acts to transmit pain signals from nerve endings to the brain and cause inflammation in the joints.

    Healing herbs
    An ARC study evaluated several herbs and herbal combinations and found that one stood above the rest. Phytodolor, a branded combination of three herbs – aspen (Populus tremula), common ash bark (Franxinus excelsior), and golden rob herb (Solidago vigaurea) effectively manages the pain and inflammation associated with OA. Some studies have shown that aspen contains a substance that when ingested inhibits the production of certain prostaglandins in the nerves, resulting in pain relief. Common ash bark and golden rob herb also have pain-relieving properties, and common ash bark is an antioxidant – meaning it may reduce oxidative damage in the joint. The combination of the three herbs has been shown in animal studies to reduce inflammation. No major adverse effects have been reported, though some people do experience diarrhea, stomach upset, or skin reactions.

    The SAMe Game
    First discovered in 1952 and widely investigated for its usefulness in treating depression, S-adenosylmethionine (SAMe) is now showing promise as a treatment for OA. SAMe is a chemical compound that occurs naturally in the body, where it contributes to the synthesis of hormones and neurotransmitters. Studies suggest that when taken as a supplement, SAMe reduces pain and also stimulates the synthesis of collagen and proteoglycans, which are the major components of joint cartilage. Adverse effects are infrequent and mild, but can include nausea, restlessness, headache, dry mouth, and stomach upset. People with depression should consult with a healthcare provider before taking SAMe, as some incidences of anxiety and mania have been reported.

    Copyright© HealthyLifestyles.com

  • The Impact of Psoriasis on Personal Relationships October 2010
    By
    The Impact of Psoriasis on Personal Relationships October 2010


    The Impact of Psoriasis on Personal Relationships Survey Fact Sheet

    This survey was created in partnership with the National Psoriasis Foundation and Galderma Laboratories, L.P.

    Within this issue, as well as our November and December 2010 issues, we will be printing important findings revealed from the recent survey, "The Impact of Psoriasis on Personal Relationships." This survey, sponsored by Galderma Laboratories, was distributed to the National Psoriasis Foundation membership database via Survey Monkey. The survey was completed by approx 1,520 people; statistics below represent the percentage of people who answered a specific question (not always all 1,520 respondents). Statistics are rounded to nearest percentage point and percentages may not add up to 100 percent depending on the structure of the question. Not every respondent answered every question.i Below is a list of findings relating to psoriasis and its impact of social relationships.

    Nearly 80 percent (78.7%) of question respondents feel that psoriasis has had a negative impact on their personal relationships.ii

    Social Relationships

    • When having a psoriasis flare-up, 63.3 percent of respondents are less likely to go out socially iii and 53.6 percent have declined social invitations or cancelled plans because of a flare-up.iv Nearly 70 percent (69.6%) feel that psoriasis has impacted their social relationships.v
    • When meeting someone new, 74.3 percent of question respondents worry that the person will notice their psoriasis,vi and 72.1 percent of respondents are concerned that people that notice will think of them less favorably.vii
    • When going out for social occasions, 79.5 percent of respondents usually only wear outfits that cover up
      their psoriasis.viii
  • Pomegranate the Ancient Red Goddess October 2010
    By
    Pomegranate the Ancient Red Goddess October 2010


    Pomegranate the Ancient Red Goddess!

    by Natalie Pergar

    Cranberr facial mask

    Known not only as part of the elite group of super fruits, the all mighty pomegranate, English word comes from the Latin words for apple; "pomum" (apple) and "granatus" (seeded), has been dated as far back as 1,000 BC and was introduced to North America by Spanish settlers in 1769. This red beauty represents global symbolism and history ranging from righteousness, prosperity, and fertility.

    With over 760 varieties of pomegranate it is one of the oldest known medicines to man. Ancient Greek healers would use pomegranate juice to manage health problems similar to arthritis, circulation problems, digestive disorders, and infections. And to add to the wonders of the pomegranate, the fruit was also involved in ancient beauty concoctions. Today with our growing beauty culture and desire to turn back the clock, we find ourselves revisiting what our ancient friends already knew with the help of modern science and research.

    Pomegranates are packed with phytonutrients, vitamin B, and an abundance of vitamin C. They contain red arils, tiny edible seeds that are loaded with juice and provide valuable fiber. They are delicious and fantastic to eat - though I would not recommend eating the white membrane that surrounds the arils as it is quite bitter and the consensus is that it is not recommended. And for those of us that count calories, a 1/2 cup of raw pomegranate has 80 calories and 0 grams of fat!

    According to the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR), pomegranate fruit extract contains several polyphenols and anthocyanidins (pigment that gives certain fruits their dark red colors). Its antioxidant activity is higher than that of red wine and green tea and research suggests that pomegranate extract may have significant clinical benefits in decreasing risk for skin cancer.

    By taking pomegranate extract capsules, one could reduce or reverse the signs of aging by promoting cell turnover and creating new, healthy skin. But that is not all! Evidence shows that including it in your skin care regime can provide wonderful results too. Rich in ellagic acid to manage free radicals, pomegranate oil contains punicic acid, an omega 5 conjugated fatty acid effective in aiding cell regeneration and proliferation. Pomegranate also carries beneficial phytoestrogen and a rare plant-based source of conjugated linoleic acids (CLA), an anti-carcinogen.

    So I salute you, oh red goddess of history. Bring me health and wellness with all your super fruit power!

    Pomegranate, Almond Oil, and Honey Mask


    ½ pomegranate
    2 tsp almond oil
    ½ tbsp organic honey

    Warm up the honey until it becomes liquid (not too hot!) by putting it in a small glass or metal bowl which is immersed in hot water. Peel the pomegranate half, cut the fruit in pieces, and put these in a bowl or food processor. Add the honey and almond oil. Blend it all into a smooth and uniform paste. Spread this gently and equally with your fingertips on your clean face and neck: keep the eye area clear. Now lie down, relax, and leave the mask on for 20 minutes. Then, wash it off with lukewarm water and end with a splash of cold water; pat your skin dry with a clean towel. Finally, apply a moisturizer, this way you "seal" your skin to keep the water inside. (For all skin types). *This fruit mask recipe peels your skin and we do not recommend using it on acne skin.

    Copyright ® 2009-2010 Natural – Homeremedies-For-Life

    Pomegranate Oat Bran Scrub

    2 ounces pomegranate juice
    2 ounces orange juice
    2 tbsp honey
    2 tbsp sea salt
    3 to 4 ounces oat bran

    1. In a container large enough to hold two cups, combine pomegranate and orange juices. To this add the honey and mix together well.
    2. Now add sea salt and oat bran. Mix together and allow the oat bran to soak up the liquids, about 10 to 20 minutes.
    3. Make sure to apply to a clean face. Probably the easiest way is to apply in the shower after you clean your face and allow it to set while you do other things. The steam from the shower helps allow the ingredients to penetrate your skin. Then, gently scrub off as you shower.

    Copyright ® eHow.com

Login to post comments

More in Wellness

Featured Company

  • CBI Laboratories, Inc.CBI Laboratories, Inc.Description: Since 1982, CBI's Laboratories has been well known for its consumer market research which defines our client's custom product's personality. The professionalism of our entire research, production and management staff coupled with our strateg ...

Ingredients

Next-Level Learning

  • Southeastern EstheticsSoutheastern EstheticsDescription: Welcome to Southeastern Esthetics Institute, a premier esthetics training institute located in the heart of South Carolina. SEEI is more than just an esthetics training program, we are a one of a kind esthetics school that offers an intimate setting and ...