Learn basic tips and ideas for adding nutrition into a healthy, self-conscious lifestyle presented by Nicole Majdali in her monthly video column entitled, "Time for You." Scroll down to watch the full video!
This month, Nicole Majdali dives into the beauty of a professional’s skin care routine. While aesthetics practitioners are no stranger to their daily regimens, Majdali stresses the value of indulging in skin care practices and products.
Get a few ideas on how to set time aside this summer to bring joy to yourself, presented by Nicole Majdali in her monthly video column entitled, "Time for You." Scroll down to watch the full video!
Learn basic tips and ideas for adding nutrition into a healthy, self-conscious lifestyle presented by Nicole Majdali in her monthly video column entitled, "Time for You." Scroll down to watch the full video!
Learn how to utilize problem-solving in your practice and in your personal life presented by Nicole Majdali in her monthly video column entitled, "Time for You." Scroll down to watch the full video!
Learn the benefits of giving back presented by Nicole Majdali in her monthly video column entitled, "Time for You." Scroll down to watch the full video!
Learn self-care reminders presented by Nicole Majdali in her monthly video column entitled, "Time for You." Scroll down to watch the full video!
Welcome to 2021 – the unforgettable year of 2020 provided new and valuable lessons in the industry. While still going strong, spas have reinvented the way they perform services in order to continue being successful while also maintaining the highest level of safety. Skin care professional has all witnessed and experienced the effects of disease control on a much wider spectrum. Fortunately, professionals are already experts in sanitation, but it does not hurt to be reminded. Practitioners have studied for this, prepared for this, and have always had it in their daily practice. 2020 gave skin care professionals a master's course in perfecting this. The definition of sanitation is to promote hygiene and the prevention of disease by maintaining sanitary conditions. Updated guidelines have been issued in most states. For example, in California, there are inspections with fines and disciplinary actions as consequences of not following safety protocols.
Now more than ever, clients are watching sanitary precautions and actions. 2020 was a stressful time for most and some clients are not 100% comfortable coming back, but spas can help. Nowadays, state boards are focusing on the law and protecting customers. Licensing, examinations, and law enforcement is focused on keeping everyone safe.
SANITATION VERSUS STERILIZATION
One of the very first lessons in aesthetics and cosmetology school is sanitation and sterilization. It is extremely high in priority and examinations focus on this topic as well. It is critical to protect spa employees and clients from infection – it has always been this way.
Sanitation and sterilization means the removal of contamination or the debris seen from the surfaces of objects. This should be done first so that disinfectants can get past this debris and make it in to kill viruses, bacteria, and fungi. To sanitize means to clean, while sterilization is the complete destruction of all microscopic life on a surface. High-level disinfection and sterilization kills all vegetative microorganisms, mycobacteria, lipid and non-lipid viruses, fungal spores, and some bacterial spores. Sterilization can be achieved by a combination of heat, chemicals, irradiation, high pressure, and filtration, like steam under pressure, dry heat, ultraviolet radiation, gas vapor sterilants, chlorine dioxide gas, and so forth. Bacteria can easily enter the body through the mouth, nose, eyes, and skin causing infections, blood poisoning, and very serious illnesses like COVID-19. Antiseptics are used on the skin. Disinfectants are much stronger and are therefore used to destroy bacteria and prevent their multiplication. Many businesses use germicides – chemical agents designed to kill bacteria. Be aware that not all disinfectants are created equal. Look for Environmental Protection Agency approval, which means products kill the Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) when used according to the label directions.
HEALTH & SAFETY
Each state varies in some details. For example, in California, the aesthetics curriculum is 600- hours. This includes 200-hours of technical instruction in health and safety. The subject of health and safety shall include, but is not limited to, the following techniques and procedures: training in chemicals and health in establishments; material safety data sheets, protection from hazardous chemicals and preventing chemical injuries; health and safety laws and agencies; and communicable diseases, like HIV and AIDS and Hepatitis B. It also includes chemical composition, the purpose of cosmetic and skin care preparation, elementary chemical makeup, chemical skin peels, and physical and chemical changes of matter. Electrical current, principles of operating electrical devices, and the various safety precautions used when operating electrical equipment are also covered.
DISINFECTION & SANITATION
Disinfection and Sanitation 10-hours of technical instruction associated with the subject of disinfection and sanitation. This instruction includes but is not limited to the following techniques and procedures: procedures to protect the health and safety of the consumer, as well as the technician. Proper disinfection procedures. These are a priority.
Disinfection shall be emphasized throughout the entire training period and must be performed before the use of all instruments and equipment. This does not include the other several hours dedicated to bacteriology and anatomy. Many states require continuing educational hours upon each license renewal as well. It is such a high priority to continue learning and being reminded of the essential steps to keeping services at the safest level. All sanitation and sterilization should be the same as the medical level.
SANITATION STEPS & METHODS
It is essential to clean all tools in warm and hot water and soap before disinfecting them. Only use disinfectants that are Environmental Protection Agency-approved. These could kill tuberculosis and Polio – these two infectious diseases are some of the most resistant out there, so if the disinfectant kills these, it will also kill all most everything else. This process does not necessarily clean dirty surfaces or remove germs, but by killing germs on a surface after cleaning, it can further lower the risk of spreading infection.
There are different methods of sterilization. Dry heat is a process where the object is heated to a temperature of 320-338 degrees Fahrenheit. It is not safe for all equipment but is considered cost-effective. Ultraviolet sterilizers commonly used in treatment rooms and now in homes. UV-C light is lethal to bacteria and viruses because of its high frequency that scrambles and damages their nuclear material. UV-C is not just an eco-friendly and chemical-free sanitation alternative, it also acts as another layer of sanitation that can cover entire rooms when used, eliminating up to 99.9% of allergens, viruses, bacterium, and mold quickly and efficiently. Pressured gas and micro-encapsulated liquids and chemicals are also very effective. Steam autoclaves use moist heat. Chemiclave is the most time-efficient method with a processing time of about 20 minutes.
Spa Services and Spa Tools
There are several tools to consider depending on the types of services offered. Nowadays, disposables are widely offered to protect clients and businesses. While choosing to use disposable may cost a little more, it makes for quicker, more efficient and the safest of the protocol. Usually, it is a small difference in cost that can easily be added to pricing.
There is a risk of infection any time the skin’s integrity is compromised. Skin care professionals deal with puss, blood, sebum, and other bodily fluids in spa services. This is why they have been working under state board requirements for safety for many decades.
Waxing services can be a risk as it is. The use of high heat, the tearing of delicate skin, or extremely thick follicles sometimes bring blood to the surface and are all the more reason skin care professionals follow strict, sanitary protocols. If the skin is torn, especially in those delicate areas, it can lead to an infection. The state board works to ensure that cosmetologists and aestheticians follow state law and establish infection control standards. To easily avoid contamination, it is important to never double dip the waxing tools. A skilled skin care professional can neatly apply a decent amount of wax and remove larger areas of hair at a time. It takes practice to work cleanly, quickly, and effectively while maintaining the highest level of sanitation but it must be done. Currently, the savvy clientele will notice double-dipping as well. Save on a bad reputation by preventing infection and being reported to the state board by just saying no to double-dipping.
It is the law to wear disposable gloves during extractions – a new pair on each client. If allowed, disposable lancets are used and disposed of in the same way as they always have been. The protocol is one lancet per person and immediately disposed of in a separate, state-approved, labeled container with other “sharps.” “Sharps” is the medical term for devices with sharp points or edges that can puncture or cut skin. These can include lancets, needles, and syringes used for injections. Another common tool used for extractions is the stainless steel extractor. This must be sanitized with hot water and antibacterial soap prior to each use. Completely dry tools with a new clean paper towel. Then, totally immerse in an Environmental Protection Agency-registered disinfectant with demonstrated bactericidal, fungicidal, and virucidal activity used according to the manufacturer’s instructions. A common and smart business practice is to have several of the tools on hand. They can be placed in a sterilizer cabinet as well. This germicidal cabinet provides a clean, germ-free environment for the storage of tools, implements, and so forth.
Hot Tools and Treatments
Some of the most popular trends and services are microblading and dermaplaning, both using sterile, disposable blades. These are also disposed of in a separate, state-approved and labeled container with other “sharps” as mentioned previously.
Additionally, treatments with disposable tips are replaced after each client. This has never been an option. Because of this, businesses have adapted quickly and effectively since the industry has always had sanitary protocols at medical-grade standards. Tweezers are also commonly used tools to be sanitized after each client. They must be sanitized also with hot water and antibacterial soap first and completely dried with a clean paper towel. Then, the tweezers must be totally immersed in an Environmental Protection Agency-registered disinfectant with demonstrated bactericidal, fungicidal, and virucidal activity and used according to the manufacturer’s instructions. It is preferred to have several pairs per room.
Crystals, stones, and face rollers are a little more precious. These must also be washed with antibacterial soap and hot water. It is acceptable to soak them in soap and water as well. Then follow with either an isopropyl alcohol spray or a colloidal silver spray – either one will kill almost any lingering bacteria. For added wellness after these steps, leave them in natural sunlight.
Linens and Laundry
Disposable sheets are used now more than ever for massages and facials. It is quick and easy but may not included the luxury feel some spas require. Laundry services are still a great option for larger facilities.
Both seem to not affect the cost of services. Mobile spas are benefitting from the disposable options, while larger day spas are still maintaining normal procedures of changing bedding after each treatment. Today, an extra sanitizing of counters and doorknobs is a must. Disposable caps and gowns are already used in many services.
It is important to check state boards’ websites. They have added new links to updates regarding COVID-19. New laws are in order and enforced and, as always, the states vary. It is up to skin care professional to know the most up-to-date information.
Room ultraviolet units have become quite popular. Ultraviolet light sanitizers work through ultraviolet, germicidal irradiation. It is a disinfection method that uses short-wavelength UV-C light to kill microorganisms or to inactivate them. It is done by destroying their nucleic acids and disrupting their DNA so they will not be able to perform vital cellular functions. They also provide an extra feeling of security to clients and staff. Do not forget to minimize and prepare in advance the sanitizing of touch screens, clipboards and pens.
Staying prepared and well informed will help a spa grow back to what is was prior to the pandemic. Some clients were ready to return when they were given the go-ahead but many stayed behind, unsure if it was safe. E-mail, call, or post on social media the steps taken to keep the spa business up to the highest standards and regulations of the laws. Post pictures of new sanitation units. Ultraviolet wands being used on doorknobs provide an image for social media, while most importantly, sanitizing.
Relaxation is healing. Stress weakens the body’s immune system. So, by getting clients back in and feeling safe again, spas can help them in more ways than one. In this new year here is to hoping everyone gets some rejuvenation and pampering to bring on a great 2021. Cheers to that.
Southern California native Nicole Majdali has worked as a makeup artist since the age of 18 years-old. She then studied aesthetics and became a licensed aesthetician. After working in spas for a few years she opened her own studio and began working with two German companies as a representative. Her passion for educating others on taking care of themselves, their skin, and health advanced her career as a speaker. She was certified twice overseas in Aachen, Germany with Janssen Cosmetics and continues to go back for education. She has been working for the two companies Janssen and Dr Schrammek in Midwest and Southern California as an educator and account manager for over 18 years. Majdali’s career has expanded beyond the aesthetics industry into the entertainment industry, but she incorporates her knowledge in wellness and beauty into both worlds.
Excellent customer service is an important factor in success. Whether a full-service spa or an independent skin care professional, customer service is a major part of the business’s success. Customer service is not limited to the person taking the calls or greeting them. Customer service is the responsibility of everyone who comes in contact with the client. Just a smile will put clients at ease and make them feel welcome. Everyone is getting reviewed these days. The goal is to make the reviews outstanding.
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California native Nicole Majdali has worked as a makeup artist and aesthetician for several leading companies. Her passion and tenacity led her to be a top educator and representative for Janssen Cosmetics and Dr Schrammek in a couple of United States territories for over 15 years. She has studied and been certified in Germany twice and is getting ready for her third certification there in 2020. She is working as lead educator for these two companies primarily in Los Angeles, California. Majdali’s career has expanded beyond the aesthetics industry into entertainment these days, but she incorporates her knowledge in wellness and beauty into both worlds. She has been a DERMASCOPE contributor since January 2019. Her favorite quote is “Love what you do and you’ll never work a day in your life.”
The facial massage is generally the highlight of facial treatment. Massage is not only relaxing, but it also stimulates microcirculation and detoxifies the lymphatic system. There are several benefits to facial massage that keep skin from premature aging. There are also massage techniques that can alleviate sinus pressure and allergies. Allergy season is upon us with everything in full bloom. Skin care professionals You already help your clients look and feel better, now they can also help them with those miserable seasonal allergies.
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What comes to mind when hearing the word hydrotherapy? Many tend to visualize something specific. There are so many ways to benefit from hydrotherapy that it is time to become familiar ourselves with these amazing treatments.
“Hydro” comes from the Greek origin meaning “water” and “therapy” is a treatment intended to relieve or heal a disorder. Hydrotherapy is also referred to as the “water cure.” It cannot be emphasized enough that the most precious element of life is water. It is not only refreshing to look at the ocean but water also tastes great and is an essential nutrient for life – all life. Humans can survive three weeks without food but cannot live one week without water.
The body is approximately 60% water and the brain and heart are composed of 73% water. Skin is approximately 62% water. Water is the building block of the cells. Infants and children have a have a higher percentage of water, which is a goal to constantly try and maintain as aging begins. Skin care professionals replenish skin topically with serums, moisturizers, and in facials to keep skin’s appearance youthful and hydrated. The earth is approximately 71% water. Without water there is drought, dehydration, and no life. The health benefits of water are a little more common knowledge. Hydration helps regularity, detoxification, complexion, immunity, and even weight management.
Skin care professionals are all too familiar with the word therapy these days. Most commonly it is used for mental and emotional health with a trained professional. It is also commonly used for helping injuries with a physical therapist. Hydrotherapy is often used as a form of physical therapy, due to its resistance and low impact benefits. However, the most ancient form of therapy is actually hydrotherapy. Centuries ago, to Cleopatra and the Roman empire utilized the sacred waters of the Nile River and thermal hot springs. Though many countries and ancient cultures, such as India, China, and Egypt, used water to produce different physiological and therapeutic effects on different parts of the system for maintaining health, preventing, and treating the diseases, the scientific evidence-based effects are not well documented. Some of the most famous Greek philosophers, such as Hippocrates and Plato, wrote about the benefits of hydrotherapy. Water represents hygiene, health, and purification in different cultures and beliefs. The word spa is thought to be derived from the Belgian village of Spa known for its warm mineral springs. The springs were and still are used to treat illnesses and pains. There are still clinical spas to go for treatments, including several locations in Germany that are well equipped with medical facilities to treat cardiovascular, physiotherapy, diabetes, and rheumatology. This naturopathic therapy is based around curative waters which result in an effective detoxification that rids the body of impurities and stimulates the body’s own healing powers.
If people love to swim or visit the ocean it is because it is a form of hydrotherapy. In a busy lifestyle, individuals long to get away to visit the ocean, unaware that this has clinical healing effects and is not just for pleasure – no prescription required. Sitting near an ocean has soothing and de-stressing effects on the body. In this industry, one of the primary focuses is relaxation, as 94% of Americans report experiencing stress in the workplace. An alarming percentage of young kids are now experiencing more stress than ever. Stress affects everyone in different ways, including depression, anxiety, and physical ailments. It is important to bring awareness to other forms of healing. When humans overtax the body with over-booked schedules, the body also responds to situations differently than when on a leisurely vacation. So, how can people break up the long distances between a normal work week and a long awaited vacation? Hydrotherapy can be done at health centers, wellness spas, and even at home.
TYPES AND BENEFITS
There are several options to start putting on the calendar and offering to clients. Exercising in natural elements has greater benefits for mental and emotional health than exercising elsewhere. People join clubs with swimming pools, since it is an excellent form of exercise that is safer on joints. Swimming does not often feel like exercise, but it is one of the best forms. Hydrotherapy, or water therapy, includes all three forms of water (liquid, steam, and ice).
Premium, medically-designed hydrotherapy tubs used to be considered extremely expensive to spa owners, but now that most businesses incorporate valuable lasers and machines, these therapeutic tubs no longer give a skin care professional sticker shock. This is an amazing treatment for the person on the go. In 20 minutes, the client is instantly rejuvenated due to the lymphatic drainage jets and minerals and trace elements added to the water. For clients that are too busy, this may be the ideal treatment. A client can actually feel like they spent the entire day at the spa in under 30 minutes. Everyone can make time for that. It is worth missing an episode of a favorite Netflix show for some self-care. Consider having a therapist include shoulder, neck, and scalp massage during the appointment. If a client is under a physician’s care, they should consult their doctor before trying one of these treatments.
There are many different types of hydrotherapy, such as capsules, mineral baths, Watsu, steam rooms, and even colon hydrotherapy. Thalassotherapy is also hydrotherapy that includes derivatives from the sea. “Thalasso” comes from the Greek word meaning sea. The extracts from the sea include seaweed, algae, and mud, which are rich in trace elements and minerals. They are known to be healing, relaxing, and detoxifying. This can help aches and pains with anti-inflammatory properties. It can also help aid the body’s natural detoxification process. The soothing properties from nature are also extremely relaxing. In the United States, people tend to think of these treatments as luxuries and indulgent pampering but in other countries it is more medical and consistent. Skin care professionals are starting to recognize the benefits of regular massages and even starting to recognize it with facials, too. These beneficial treatments are much more valuable than indulging in an expensive purse or shoes. Encourage clients to remember themselves first. Years from now it will be such a valuable investment that clients will be happy they made. Thalassotherapy remineralizes the body with a purified, freeze – dried seaweed or sea water through lyophilization. Rebalancing the body’s system helps strengthen immunity and longevity. It is very important for clients to start understanding the benefits of seaweed wraps and hydrotherapy treatments. They not only increase energy and wellness but also metabolism. Seaweed wraps are most commonly used in cellulite treatments. The results are undeniable when done in a series with a proper diet and exercise regimen. In physical therapy, hot tubs, whirlpools, ice packs, and more are all forms of hydrotherapy. The resistance of the pools helps strengthen muscles without the invasive impact to help heal. There is an instinctive relaxation just by the body being immersed into water. It causes clients to focus on breathing and it helps relieve tension and pressure all over. This is why swimming is a form of moving meditation. Cold hydrotherapy is used for depression. The use of hot and cold hydrotherapy affects the body’s physiology and mood. Studies show a three-minute cold shower in the morning gives better results than prescription drugs, plus no side effects. This is why there are an increasing number of cryotherapy locations opening up.
Cryotherapy is cold therapy where the body or specific part is exposed to extremely cold temperature for several minutes. It is used to help pains, skin conditions, and mood disorders. Spa capsules are a covered hydrotherapy bed where the client lays with their head outside as the body is encapsulated. Hot steam arises from the bottom half which stimulates circulation and detoxification. Aromatherapy and color light therapy are also incorporated in this extremely soothing treatment. At the conclusion of the treatment, the Vichy showers located at the top of the capsule mist and rinse off the body – this can be done with warm or cold water. When alternating between hot and cold infusion during this treatment, the body’s lymph system jumps into action. The high atomizing mist showers and steam, when moved in unison, produce thermal contrasting, from hot to cold and cold to hot, without thermal shock to the client. The results leave a person feeling totally relaxed and rejuvenated. To completely indulge the client, a facial or scalp massage can be done while the body is being treated in the capsule.
Watsu therapy is an aquatic massage where a therapist incorporates warm water and zen shiatsu massage. It is an effective way of mobilizing chi (the bodies life force), through the meridians, which are paths of energy. It was originated and trademarked in 1980 in California by Harold Dull. Although it is used to treat pain and injuries, other conditions such as stress, depression, and insomnia, were treated, as well. This form of hydrotherapy is beneficial for pregnant women, as the warm water is safe and it helps relieve back pain. The warm water also helps to relax and loosen tension. As the client floats, supported by the practitioner, the lightness of the body in the water frees the pressure of the spinal vertebrae and allows the practitioner to articulate the joints and elongate muscles in ways that are not possible out of water. Colon hydrotherapy, also known as colonics, can help with many issues, like allergies, stomach issues, fatigue, insomnia, inflammation, and chronic skin conditions. This treatment uses warm filtered water to help hydrate, stimulate, and dissolve matter in the large intestine. By removing buildup and toxins from the colon, the body becomes rebalanced and functions better. It has been done for centuries and is recommended to be done in a series of three or more. It depends on the individual but usually results are felt after one treatment. This treatment is an excellent service in wellness spas, medical spas, and even as a stand alone business. It is highly recommended to get training and certification; however, most states do not regulate this yet.
Contrast hydrotherapy is the use of hot and cold and is a common therapeutic treatment. When heat is used, it expands the blood vessels filling them with blood, which supplies nutrients and oxygen. The cold application constricts the blood vessels, forcing the blood to move to other parts of the body. Improved circulation means more blood is brought to the muscles, toxins and lactic acid are flushed out, and organs are revitalized, such as the brain, for better focus. It also helps the lymphatic system. Steam baths or Turkish baths are warm rooms filled with humidity. They are detoxifying and often include aromatherapy to aid in relaxation and increased detoxification. While steam rooms are filled with moist heat, a sauna provides dry heat from a wood or electric stove. They benefit the cardiovascular system by improving circulation through dilation of the blood vessels or capillaries. Steam room therapy has been shown to reduce blood pressure, keep the heart healthier, and reduce joint pain.
Always have clients consult with their physician first if concerned about health issues. Most hydrotherapy treatments are safe; however, if a client is pregnant, already under a physician’s care, on antibiotics, has heart disease or high or low blood pressure, they should consult with their physician first. Open wounds and alcohol are a contraindication to all hydrotherapy treatments. It is always a good idea to check with a healthcare provider before trying hydrotherapy. There are many options to add onto services in a business. Both medical and holistic facilities use hydrotherapy. All of these treatments discussed promote healing at many levels. At the most basic level, they are relaxing and reduce stress, which is the body’s leading toxin. They also help reduce the negative side effects of stress. Relaxation also helps anxiety, poor breathing patterns, and sleep, which are crucial to a client’s health.
There are more ways to incorporate hydrotherapy into one’s life and business. It can be as simple as hot and cold compresses, a spa capsule, or a body wrap. Space and resources are subjective. These treatments have been done since the days of Cleopatra, so it is fair to say they are probably going to be around for a while. They are safe, effective, and can be economical. Water therapy is relaxing, healing, and profitable. The demand these days is higher than the supply of these services mentioned. It is a great time to add these services into a business.
California native Nicole Majdali has worked as a makeup artist and aesthetician for several leading companies. Her passion and tenacity led her to be a top educator and representative for Janssen Cosmetics and Dr Schrammek in a couple of United States territories for over 15 years. She has studied and been certified in Germany twice and is getting ready for her third certification there in 2020. She is working as a lead educator for these two companies primarily in Los Angeles, California. Majdali’s career has expanded beyond the aesthetics industry into entertainment these days, but she incorporates her knowledge in wellness and beauty into both worlds. She has been a DERMASCOPE contributor since January 2019. Her favorite quote is “Love what you do and you’ll never work a day in your life.”