Sunburn Treatment Protocol FeaturedWritten by Rachelle Dupree
Before beginning any facial or body treatment for clients with a sunburn or sun-damaged skin, skin care professionals should always do a full assessment of the degree of damage. This assessment can be done either visually or with a facial magnifying tool. If the spa offers the option of ultraviolet photography, it can also be a valuable tool to assess the true sun damage. Photographs using a small pulse of ultraviolet light as the flash source can reveal markings and underlying damage not visible to the naked eye.
The Darwin Project clarified Charles Darwin's famous conclusion; instead of implying that only the strong survive, Darwin said that "those who survive are the ones who most accurately perceive their environment and successfully adapt to it." With the changes that have occurred over the last few decades, the way mankind manages the planet's source of energy (the sun) has changed as well. While industrialization and technology made "the way of living" easier, the climate continued changing and the sun's rays intensified. As a result, sun care has also changed.1
The Basics of Sunscreen FeaturedWritten by Dasha Saian, L.E.
How do I choose the right sunscreen? What is SPF? Which sunscreen is safe for my children? Should I use a waterproof sunscreen? Many people, including skin care professionals, have questions about sun care products. There is a vast array of sunscreen products on the market and plenty of conflicting information regarding their effectiveness, toxicity, and proper mode of application. It is important for professionals to thoroughly understand the topic of sunscreen in order to best advise their clients on proper sun care methods.
Throughout history, the skin's color, whether a result of sun tanning or sun shielding, has served as a sort of status symbol. For many years, pale and refined skin was almost globally revered and sometimes attained through drastic measures. It was not until the 1920s that the tan became fashionable; since then, there has been a rise in sun damage and skin cancer rates. Is there one right solution to achieving the benefits of sun exposure while avoiding the unpleasant side effects for people of all genetic profiles?
"Sunshine on my shoulders makes me happy / Sunshine in my eyes can make me cry," is a wise lyric that says it all. Without the sun, there would be no life on Earth; however, the same can be said of too much sun. It can be both life-giving and life-taking at the same time.
Most people love and enjoy the sun. Those who live in the northern hemisphere can hardly wait for spring and summer to come and provide time to enjoy the outdoors.
The majority of spas see an abundance of clients that are seeking some type of corrective procedure rather than preventative care. However, prevention is the first line of defense when it comes to skin health and slowing down the aging process. Unfortunately, many clients are missing this step and waiting until things get so out of control that they wind up in the spa and expect the skin care professional to remove 15 years of damage in one session.
A Professional Protocol for Protection Against the Sun
2016 has proven to be the year of essential and easy sun care. Skin care products are now including sun protection ingredients in every aspect of professional product lines. The most important step to take when creating a sun-savvy skin care routine is to decide the amount of sun protection that is needed for the client's lifestyle.
Soaking Up Sun Safety: How to listen to clients, build their trust, and spark conversations about sun protection.Written by Krissa Gordon, L.E., L.E.I.
Jennifer is a seasonally-motivated client between October and March. She uses every product and receives every treatment her skin care professional recommends, including peels, laser, microneedling, and retinoids. She has the commitment of a professional athlete. Eventually, Jennifer goes on a spring break cruise to Mexico and, by May, she is outside every day. She swears she wears sunscreen and finds shade where she can – even at the tennis court.
In addition to a consistent homecare regimen and professional treatments, proper sun care is a vital factor in protecting the skin. At all times, even during winter months and on cloudy days, clients should be wearing broad spectrum sunscreen that protects against both UVA and UVB exposure.
While most clients are aware of the dangers of UVB exposure, such as sunburns and skin cancer, many are not aware that UVA rays have a deeper penetration into the skin than UVB rays and are responsible for skin aging.Taking protective measures, such as using an appropriate SPF and sunscreen product, applying sunscreen 20 minutes before going outside, reapplying often, and wearing protective clothing will significantly reduce the client's risk of sun damage, premature aging, and skin cancer.
Protecting the skin from the sun should be a major concern for clients of all ages. Skin care professionals need to be aware of the effects the sun can have on skin and be able to educate clients on what they can do to prevent damage before it is too late.
The sun is a subject that forever prevails in the skin care industry. Whether you are attempting to reverse sun damage, prevent it, or sift through the many sunscreen ingredient choices, sun protection is a hot topic among aestheticians and product manufacturers. Despite all we think is known about sun care, misinformation still abounds. New research emerges, revealing potential health risks and offering better formulations and new, protective ingredients that await Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval.
It all started in the 1920s when Coco Chanel fell asleep while outdoors on vacation in the French Riviera and woke up with an unintended sunburn. The style icon singlehandedly changed previous views that skin should be pale and pristine to one that viewed a tan as a fashion statement. There is a slow-moving paradigm shift back to a belief that tanning is dangerous, and campaigns from a variety of organizations and corporations are working to uphold the idea of one’s own natural skin tone as beautiful. The ongoing effort to extoll the virtues of daily, year-round sun protection has gained traction, but not enough. Even those who protect their skin during the summer months often think that once the fall season rolls around, daily protection is no longer necessary. Gaining an understanding of the sun’s strength during different seasons, how ultraviolet rays interact with skin, and how the climate in the winter can be the culprit in many other winter-related skin issues, helps clarify and emphasize the need for customized, year-round care, treatment, and protection.
The sunscreen conversation has felt static for some time. We make the recommendation to wear sunscreen and re-apply often to clients as often as we ask them to hydrate. Here is the tricky part: it is not that simple. There is so much gray area, so much uncertainty and, as the people that clients visit frequently and expect well-informed dialogue from, it is the skin care professional’s responsibility to stay in touch with changing data and form an intelligent opinion. The conversation needs to be constantly evolving as we understand the issues more profoundly. Thinking we know all the answers is a dangerous assertion.
Do not let winter and the shorter exposure to sunlight lessen the importance of discussing sunscreen. Educating your clients to practice safe sun can be lifesaving. One in five Americans will develop skin cancer over the course of a lifetime. While that number is epidemic, what is more shocking is the fact that only one in five people wear sunscreen on a daily basis, even though 94 percent of them know that continued exposure to the sun can potentially cause cancer.
It is the skin care professional’s job to keep clients sun-safe year-round, while remaining at the forefront of skin care technologies. As my friend Jim Nicolai, M.D. says, “Sun damage is not going away any time soon. The ozone layer is not getting thicker. Our ultraviolet protection is getting less and less. When it comes to sun exposure, you have to know how much is too much.”
I would rather not have to write about solutions for sun damaged skin. Ideally, the topic would be obsolete; every client would prioritize sun protection as much as they do brushing their teeth and using deodorant. But they do not. Or they do, but they did not always, and now they are paying the price for their youthful sun sins.
As a dermatologist based in Miami, I have seen my fair share of sun damaged skin. Eighty percent of wrinkles are caused by sun damage alone, and credit for brown spots and other discoloration can go almost entirely to the sun, too. Then there is the risk of skin cancer. But no one is perfect and sun damage happens.
Skin and sun: everybody should know by now that this combination is not safe for maintaining the body’s health or its youthful appearance. While some of our clients have certainly gotten the message and live by the sunblock and hat, others are still worshipping the crispy carcass of Coco Chanel and the texture of her alligator handbags. We see them all of the time – women with boat-baked, folded-fan lines spreading from their collar bones down over their rippled breast skin, complete with ruddy patches and amphibian spots. Not so beautiful... But perfectly avoidable! However, convincing many people to routinely wear SPF, even in the more critical conditions such as high summer and high altitudes, can seem like trying to get a six year old to wash behind the ears. Your well-intended warnings are often gratefully received and then completely forgotten.
By now everyone is well aware of the sun's damaging effects and you have likely had the "importance of sun protection" talk with your clients more times than they care to remember. Despite these efforts and the statistics on skin cancer that abound, many still seek the sun's rays in an effort to achieve that bronzed, glowing skin. When a client has clearly spent too much time in the sun, how do you bring their skin back to optimum health? What types of damage can occur, and what treatments and ingredients work for sun damaged skin? Diagnosing and repairing sun-damaged skin is not a one-size-fits-all.
How the Sun Affects the Skin Featured
Ultraviolet (UV) light from the sun is a major health hazard. Not only is it responsible for the greatest number of cancers of the skin, but it is a major cause of aging skin, as well as cataracts and related conditions. An understanding of exactly how UV light interacts with the skin's components is critical to an appreciation of just how damaging UV rays can be.
The key concept in understanding light energy is the photon. A photon is actually a very tiny particle that travels in a wave pattern from the sun to the earth. Each photon has a specific amount of energy, which scientists measure in several ways.
Move over sunscreens! Make room for antioxidant-rich, pre- and post-sun treatments that not only protect against the sun's damaging UV assault, but (in many cases) repair and even reverse the damage. The effects of ultraviolet (UV) radiation on the skin are well documented and the mainstream media has extoled the preventive benefits of sunscreens for years. But sunscreens do not block all the earth's UV light and, despite the hype, they are way underutilized.
Fortunately, there are numerous ingredients that can mitigate the sun's damage when applied prior to exposure and, in some cases, even reverse UV-induced signs of aging once the damage is done.
The incidence of skin cancer, which is the most common type of cancer diagnosed in the U.S., is rapidly on the rise. As a practicing dermatologist, I find myself detecting these cancers in younger and younger patients who are visiting the office for reasons other than a full body skin check. Three main types of skin cancer are routinely diagnosed and can be subdivided into melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancer. Non-melanoma skin cancers consist of basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma, which are both slow growing and easily treatable when detected early. Ultraviolet exposure is largely responsible for these cancers; however genetics do play a role.
Even as the rates of some cancers are falling, Mayo Clinic is seeing a shocking trend: the dramatic rise of skin cancer, especially among people under 40. According to a study by Mayo Clinic, the incidence of melanoma has escalated, and young women are the hardest hit.
Researchers conducted a population-based study. The study found the incidence of melanoma increased eightfold amongst young women and fourfold among young men.
Summer brings a feeling of liberation as we shed our winter layers, but there can be a downside to this emancipation: sunburn. In spite of everything we know about UV damage and the risk of skin cancer, every spring and summer brings waves of lobster-red vacationers to the drugstore and the spa in search of soothing relief. The sunburn goes away in terms of the redness, sting, and peeling skin. But long after skin looks normal again, deeper damage persists.
Do you know what is more difficult than getting sunscreen on that hard to reach spot in the middle of your back? It is knowing and understanding the vast array of information on professional quality sunscreens from SPF to UVA, including all of the new labeling rules and skin cancer facts. Just like applying sunscreen takes a helping hand, so does learning some sun care basics. Here are some essential facts about sun protection to help educate your skin care clients and select the best sunscreen brands for your spa, medical spa or skin care center.
The summer months are when clients typically have the most down time, making it an ideal time for corrective, rejuvenating treatments. Summer is also peak time for many spas and salons, depending upon the locale. However, administering peels and other corrective treatments during the summer months will cause a client's skin to be even more vulnerable to sun damage.
So how can skin care professionals bolster protection of the skin and simultaneously reverse the effects of photoaging? What do professionals need to know about caring for skin – face and body – post-peel or corrective-treatment during the summer months?
Sun protection, while once relatively straightforward, has become an increasingly challenging topic in recent years. Today's consumers are confronted with an often-puzzling array of product formulations, well-publicized concerns about the prevalence of vitamin D deficiencies, and conflicting information about the safety of technologies and ingredients employed in sunscreens. You could say that protecting our skin has become a bit akin to navigating a battlefield – and that is before we even step outdoors!
Surprisingly, research suggests that fewer Americans proactively protect their skin than experts would hope.
A new survey claims that less than half of men use sunscreen of at least factor 15 to protect their skin from damage. The poll of 2,000 people commissioned by Cancer Research UK found 90 percent said they had suffered sunburn. But only 47 percent of men used at least SPF 15. This was compared to two thirds of women using sunscreen of at least factor 15. Men were also less likely than women to protect their skin in other ways – like spending time in the shade or covering up with clothing.
Natural sunscreen compounds produced by coral to protect from UV rays could eventually be used for making human sunscreens, researchers from King's College London revealed. The scientists, who discovered the new natural sunscreen compounds, are uncovering the biochemical and genetic processes behind their production. They believe they will eventually be able to recreate them synthetically, leading to new types of sunscreens for human usage.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration said it will require new labeling for sunscreens to identify products that are best for reducing the risk of skin cancer, early skin aging and helping to prevent sunburn.
Under the new rule, sunscreens that protect against both ultraviolet A rays (UVA) and ultraviolet B (UVB) rays can be labeled "Broad Spectrum." UVB rays and UVA rays both can cause sunburn, skin cancer, and premature skin aging; UVB rays are the main source of sunburn, FDA officials explained.
Within the past 10 years there has been a new awakening for sun care. Tanned bodies and naturally high-lighted hair was the sign of beauty because it symbolized recreation and free time as the majority of jobs were indoors and pale skin was a sign of labor. My how times have changed; tanning beds are out and sunscreen is now in! As professional skin care providers, we know that sunscreen is the key product in any skin care regimen because of the many benefits it provides for protecting the skin and preventing premature aging.
As Jack Frost nips at our noses, it is a common tradition for families to escape to higher elevations for vacations in the snowy landscape. Unfortunately, with temperatures dropping and swim suit weather long gone, it is easy to forget about the dangers of sun exposure and importance of wearing sunscreen. What most people do not know is that UV rays during the winter are much harsher than those in the summer. After months of unprotected exposure, consumers often begin showing the visible signs of sun damage, such as darkened freckles and age spots. This creates the perfect time of year to highlight services that rejuvenate and repair the skin.
When the drug review began over 30 years ago, the focus was predominantly on UVB protection or sunburn protection. The recommendation was skin that was unprotected would cause skin cancer and premature aging. So, chemist began formulating sun blocks and sunscreens that touted an SPF (sun protection factor) claiming that by applying these solutions one could stay engaged in outdoor activities longer without damaging the skin. The American
We are all visual people, especially when it comes to our appearance and how our skin looks. Even though recent studies show that the number of diagnosed skin cancer cases each year continues to increase, a lot of people think first about the outside cosmetic effects of tanning and sun exposure. Regardless, we all must understand that proper sun care is key for our skin and overall health. We also have to comprehend that effective sun coverage requires more effort than just slopping some lotion on when you arrive at the beach. Healthy and sunburn-free skin starts with recognizing the myths and facts.
It is that time again… time to cover sun care. What, you might ask, could possibly be said that is new and innovative on this topic? Truthfully, most of the information has all been written before. However, like a good book or a favorite movie every time you read it or watch it you pick up on something new. Maybe it’s a scene that you’ve overlooked all the times before, maybe it’s the subtleties of the emotions expressed, or maybe because of your accumulated experiences things that you read before take on a completely different meaning this time through.
Our love affair with the sun may finally be coming to an end. After years of romancing the sun, we are now more than ever dealing with the long term effects of our affair: wrinkles, hyperpigmentation, premature aging â€“ not to mention a repressed immune system and the potential for skin cancer are all consequences of sunlight exposure. According to the Skin Cancer Foundation, skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in the U.S. with one million new cases diagnosed every year. One in five Americans will develop skin cancer; 90 percent of these cancers will be the result of exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun.
More than one million Americans are diagnosed with skin cancer each year. Many more are diagnosed with pre-cancerous conditions. These numbers continue to increase, not only in the U.S., but worldwide. Despite the alarming increase in skin cancers, especially in the teen and young adult population, people continue to believe that a tan is healthy. The notion that sunscreen is an occasional summer-only accessory is still prevalent, yet mistaken. Several factors are responsible for the alarming rise in skin cancer. The continual erosion of the Earth’s ozone layer due to pollution has led to a decrease in the amount of ozone protection than was afforded previous generations.
The warmer months of late spring, summer, and early fall are the time of year when people around the country spend a great deal of time outdoors, enjoying the beach, sunbathing, playing sports, or working in the garden. The additional activity is healthy for our overall well-being, but the exposure to the sun and air pollution can be very detrimental to our skin.
Since sun exposure is accountable for 80 to 90 percent of the extrinsic factors that contribute to visible skin aging and skin diseases, skin care professionals need to be aware of and observant for changes in their clients’ skin, especially during the warmer months.
Let’s get it right from the start, anyone, any skin type, any skin color is at risk for skin cancer. Indeed, nobody is safe from skin cancer. Skin type and skin color do not fully protect an individual from skin cancer. Skin safe, sun safe practices do protect and do help in skin cancer prevention.
Lynne Kurashima, Hawaii Licensed Aesthetician, says, “It’s a misconception that darker skin types think they’re fully protected.” This common myth continues today because of the belief that darker skin types have natural melanin protection from solar radiation exposure.